Infections and Diseases


This blog will be used to explain how HIV, Alzheimer’s and Lung cancer affects an individual. We will include how these diseases impact their day to day lives. For us to collect this information we will try to visit local hospitals, GPs and look at different case studies and blogs.



This link shows how 26-year-old Abby was diagnosed with HIV and how it impacted her life. When Abby had found out she has HIV, she felt as though she wouldn’t be able to cope and get on with her life. However, the doctor reassured her by explaining to her that she only has to take a couple of pills a day and people get on with their lives. Although when she first came to know she was HIV-positive she thought she might get discriminated due to her HIV status though her family have supported and she isn’t afraid to talk about it and is very open about her HIV status.


HIV impacts families for instance when a person has HIV they may feel as though they are not well enough to work, so children are often burdened with worry as there is not enough finance coming into their home. Similarly they sometimes have to go out and work, to provide for their family. Sometimes people who have HIV may fear that they might pass on their virus to their family member, so they isolate themselves from them.

An individual that is HIV positive may not want to socialise and do new activities. This is because many people believe that they deserve their status and is a result of their wrong doing. In order to remove discrimination the society must be involved. For instance there should be educational programmes which allow people to learn about the methods of HIV transmission and how they can protect themselves from the infection. This will go a long way in the battle against stigma and discrimination.

HIV impacts the population as it is a ‘destructive health crisis of modern times’ and ‘By 2005, more than 25 million people have died and an estimated 39 million were living with HIV’.

The global epidemiology of HIV/AIDS is a journal written by Linda Morison. In the journal it talks about ‘reductions in morbidity and mortality through the use of highly antiretroviral are at present limited to high-income and some Latin American countries’. This quote is suggests that those who are of low income are not even offered the treatment as they would not be able to afford it.


Alzheimer’s disease

People who suffer from Alzheimer’s get affected in many different ways. Their whole life style changes. As they are unable to remember things and get confused a lot and this has a big impact on their independence and them being able to do things independently. The person can become a danger to themselves and their life can sometimes be put at risk for example someone might forget that they have left the cooker on. This can be extremely dangerous. I have heard of many cases where people with Alzheimer’s leave the house and get confused and don’t remember where they are. This can also be very dangerous as they can get hurt or get into an accident.

Alzheimer’s does not only affect the person who has it but their whole family. Family members have to readjust their lives around that person to ensure they have the best quality of life. Sometime family members have to give up work and become a full time carer as the individual cannot be left by themselves. This can cause that person depression as they are unable to do things in their life that they previously would normally do. Also family members who cannot cope with looking after their relative with Alzheimer’s may feel guilty when looking at alternative options such as care homes. In some cases families feel that it’s bad to receive support in looking after and caring for the person and won’t ask for help. This can have a negative impact on their health.

Young children who witness how Alzheimer’s is affecting their relative can find it extremely upsetting for example when a child’s grandparents are unable to recognise them and forget their name/s. This must impact them emotionally. Sometimes when a family member is looking after the Alzheimer’s patient they make become a burden to that family member as they have to spend their time looking after them and not socialising and meeting up for family or friends gatherings. As well as this when young children might start to think that they are going to get Alzheimer’s or may think that they caused the illness. This could again impact them emotionally.

This link shows how Muffett who is a care giver is affected by looking after her mother for the past 11 years. She has given ’20 percent’ of her life caring for her mother ‘24/7’. She has not been able to give herself any attention as she has to prioritise her mother over herself and she has ‘no husband, no family, no career, no retirement, and no plans for the future’. This comes to show how

Caregiving has an emotional and physical toll on Muffett as it is very difficult to care for both herself and her mother.

‘A national dementia strategy must consider the global scale of Alzheimer’s disease and other types of dementia. Planning now will save lives in the future. We must invest in dementia services, research, support and training to help ensure we meet the global challenge of dementia.’ This quote shows that the community should invest in dementia services and support and train to help meet the global challenges of dementia.

‘The overall economic impact of dementia in the UK is £26.3 billion’. Alzheimer’s disease is the most expensive condition in the nation. This is due to the costs to medicare and medicade.



Lung cancer

Lung cancer


People who suffer from lung cancer get affected with their daily life in various ways; however it depends on what stage they are at and what treatment they are having.


Cancer has a massive impact on marriages as it can be quite overwhelming. Both individuals may feel many different emotions such as sadness, anxiety, anger and so on. Cancer changes roles and responsibilities with a relationship. For example


Lung cancer and the treatments included can affect you physically as they can be quite difficult to cope with. If a person chooses to have surgery the scarring may cause them a lot of pain which will have an impact on their lives for a few months. Also this may affect their self-esteem as they have scarring left from the surgery.


lung cancer impacts the family members because it can make a family member feel guilty about a cancer diagnosis especially if it was due to smoking.

Lung cancer impacts the society financially. Statists show that 50 50% of this cost is for hospital outpatient or doctor office visits, 35% of this cost is for inpatient hospital stays and 11% of this cost is for prescription drugs

This link is a blog about a woman named Linnea Duff, who has advanced lung cancer. ‘In late April of 2005 the lower lobe of her left lung was removed. This was followed 7 weeks later with adjuvant chemo (due to the size–5 cm–of her tumor). I received 4 infusions of cisplatin/ taxotere every three weeks.’ This affected her physically and emotionally because it was a very difficult experience. After the operations she has been able to manage with her everyday life.



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